About MUSTANGS at YVEC~
Yucca Valley Equestrian Center
offers BLM approved pens and transportation for adopted
wild horses. Cindy Lapp is an approved Mustang Heritage
Foundation TIP trainer, as well as Top Ten Extreme Mustang
For information on adopting
a mustang of your own, read on below.
To see the complete training journals for Cindy's Makeover
horses, visit the following links:
Makeover 2012, Norco, CA
Cindy's 90-Day Training
Journal for taking a mustang from wild to wonderful!
Step-by-step, with pictures in the gallery. This year:
Mustang Makeover 2011, Norco, CA
Cindy's 90-Day Training
Journal for taking a mustang from wild to wonderful!
Step-by-step, with pictures in the gallery. Cindy's
first year, with Wyatt.
Thinking of adopting a Bureau of Land Management
Wild Horse ('Mustang')?
Your first stop is the BLM
Wild Horse and Burro home page, which explains the
program and the requirements, and provides links to Adoption
Applications and other forms.
Heritage Foundation also provides information on adoption
and mustang promotional programs, including the Trainer
Incentive Program, or TIP. Cindy
Lapp is an approved TIP trainer who can assist you with
your adopted wild horse.
The following FAQ can provide you with the
straight facts to get you started, and help you decide
if the program is for you. Please feel free to contact
us (info at the bottom of the page) if you need more information,
or would like to get started with your own adoption process!
Cindy with the TIP horses in Ridgecrest,
Are Mustangs really
Yes, for all intents and purposes. They are born in the
wild, rounded up and brought to BLM holding facilities.
They spend their lives in a herd situation, with minimal
interaction with humans. While in holding they are vaccinated
and have basic hoof care, but none of this is done with
'normal' handling. The horses come to you basically untouched.
They do not know how to be caught, or lead, or even allow
humans near them. Everything has to be taught.
What do they look like
? What type of riding
are they good for?
Mustangs come in all colors,
but bay, chestnut, and gray are most common. Due
to years of domestic horses being turned loose onto
mustang ranges, a mustang can have almost any type
of body style, depending on the range they came
from. Typically between 13 and 15 hands, they can
also reach 16 hands or larger. Some are heavy-bodied
with thick necks, some are thinner and wispy. They
are generally very intelligent and quick to learn.
A mustang can be trained for any type of riding
his body is suited for; there are mustangs competeing
successfully in western, dressage, jumping. extreme
cowboy, ACTHA and other trail competitions, and
A TIP Trainer can hlep you choose the right style
of horse for the discipline you enjoy.
What is TIP?
How does TIP work at YVEC?
The Trainer Incentive Program was developed by the Mustange
Heritage Foundation to promote the adoption of mustangs
by providing certified, qualified trainers to assist new
adopters. If you adopt through a TIP trainer, you get
a horse that has basic training at no extra cost to you.
Horses in the TIP program are generally 3 years old, can
be a mare or a gelding, and any type or color though most
are bay, gray, or chestnut. It is possible to adopt a
younger horse through TIP, just bear in mind that the
horse will not be able to be ridden until age 2 or 3,
and you will be paying to feed and house him, as well
as investing time in keeping up his handling and training,
At YVEC, Cindy will work with you
personally to find the right horse for your needs.
The BLM Ridgecrest Holding Facility is a 3 hour
drive from the ranch. When you're ready to adopt,
you can accompany Cindy to the facility to choose
your horse, or just give her guidelines in what
you'd like to see and she can choose for you. Once
back at YVEC, Cindy will work with your horse to
'gentle' it; your horse will be trained to accept
human touch, to halter and lead, to pick up and
handle all four feet, and to load safely in a trailer.
Your adoption cost to the BLM is still the usual
$125 fee. (for full costs, see breakdown at the
bottom of the page).
Each horse is different so there is
no hard and fast timeline for the gentling to be
complete. Once it is, you finalize the adoption
of your mustang, and begin your riding training!
You can choose to stay in the YVEC training program
at that time, or work with your horse on your own.
YVEC also offers the unique "Train
the Trainer" program, so if you want to
work your horse yourself, and are able to commit
the time necessary for this, you can work with Cindy
to learn how to do your own training.
Do I have to use
TIP, or can I just adopt a mustang on my own?
You can always adopt on your own, and board with us at
YVEC! YVEC meets all the BLM requirements for boarding
newly adopted mustangs, and has the necessary style of
stock trailer for transporting your horse to the ranch
if needed. All new adoptees will be boarded in a PEN,
as required by BLM (see Boarding
for current rates). Once gentled, you can choose to board
in a barn stall if you desire. Pasture board is not recommended
until your horse is fully trained and can be reliably
caught out of a herd situation.
my TIP adoption work? Who really owns the horse?
Once you choose to adopt with TIP through Cindy,
you will sign our boarding and training agreement.
Cindy will set up the appointment at the BLM to
choose and pick up your horse. At the time of pickup,
Cindy will sign paperwork with the BLM as the 'custodian'
of the horse in question. Once she has successfully
completed the training covered by TIP, she will
notify the BLM that the horse is safe to adopt,
and you will submit your adoption application to
the BLM. You will receive notice in the mail that
your application is accepted, and you will receive
copies of the paperwork pertaining to your horse.
For one year from that date, the U.S.
Government will be the owner of your mustang (this
is true with all mustang adoptions). During that
time, you MUST notify the BLM if you decide to move
to a new facility. If you cannot keep the horse,
you can return it to the BLM during that period,
or find a new approved adopter. During that first
year, a BLM Inspector will arrive to see that the
horse is being treated well and is in good shape.
When the year is over, you receive title to your
horse, and he is officially yours. At this time
you can move or sell your horse in the same way
you would any other horse you might own.
||How does this usually turn
out? Is a mustang right
We would be glad to talk with you
about your goals, abilities, and the best plan of
action to make your mustang adoption a great experience
for you. Feel free to contact us by email or phone,
or if you are in the area, stop by to see us!
As with any live animal, there are no guarantees.
However, it has been our experience that these horses
are smart and willing to please. If handled properly,
they become dependable, safe riding companions with
a lot of personality. As with any horse, the more
time you have to invest, the more you are willing
to learn, the better your relationship with your horse
will be. Remember, once gentling is complete, you
have a young horse that needs training, and for a
few years after you begin riding you have a 'green
broke' horse that still needs consistent work. If
you are a beginner, you will want to learn more about
riding and horse ownership in general, no matter what
type of horse you have. Beginners can do well with
mustangs, provided they are willing to put in the
time to learn, and realize that learning is a lifelong
journey with a horse, and all part of the fun!
what's the bottom line? How much does it cost?
All general horse expenses apply for mustang ownership.
Costs vary for hoof care, veterinary care, equipment,
etc. The following chart will show you what expenses you
can expect to incur; when you are ready to adopt we can
help you find the most current prices for the various
|Your Financial Responsibilities
in a pen to start. You pay board
monthly, from the day your horse arrives at YVEC.
This includes feed and stall cleaning. Our current
|TIP Training: your
TIP training is FREE.
Your horse will learn to be caught and haltered, to
lead, to have all 4 feet handled, and to load in a
to Ride: if you choose to
continue training with Cindy after TIP, current training
rates apply (call us for information).
|Adoption Fee: your
adoption fee, which is the only price you pay to 'buy'
the horse, is $125, paid to the BLM at the time of
adoption. After 1 year you will receive title and
the horse is yours.
will pay for YVEC to trailer your horse from the BLM
holding facility to YVEC.
|Veterinary Care: you
are responsible for any medical expenses. Common expenses
are vaccinations, worming, and dental care .
horse will need his hooves trimmed every 8 weeks.
Depending on your sport, you may choose to have shoes
put on when the time comes, but for general riding
most mustangs do not require shoes.
|Tack and other equipment: For
the pick up day, you will need a sturdy rope halter
and an attached lead rope. Cindy can help you choose
an appropriate style. You will eventually need a saddle
and saddle pad, and a bridle. Because your horse is
young, we do NOT recommend purchasing a saddle until
you see what the shape of your horse's back will be
and your riding training is progressing. If your horse
is in training with Cindy, she can help you choose
the proper saddle and bit to purchase when the time
|Horse shows, Registration Fees: you
do not need to 'register' your mustang, he will have
a freeze brand on the left side of his neck that identifies
him as a mustang. If you choose to participate in
any style of horse show, you can register your mustang
with the American
Mustang and Burro Association, Inc. which gives
your horse a registered name, and allows him to accumulate
points towards year-end mustang awards.
Still have questions?
Ready to start?
Stop by the ranch at any time to see the mustangs that
currently board with us! Give us a call at the ranch at
760-365-4433 (leave a message, we are almost never stitng
by the phone, but will call you back!), or send an email
Check out the links at the top to see Cindy's
90 day training journals for the Mustang Makeovers she
has participated in, or go to Debbi Sullivan's blog to
see what a real adoption through TIP is like, including